Sogdian script, also known as Serik script


call it, and another name for it is Gong”. The first name in the description was a Qiuci word (or an altered Indian word from Qiuci language). The word“Shamen” or “Sangmen” in Chinese was also transcribed from Yanqi language. The Buddhist terms in early Chinese translations (Eastern Han Dynasty or Three-State Period) came through the media of ancient Central Asian languages, such as Tocharian, instead of direct translation from Sanskrit or Pali. In Tocharian there were also many words borrowed from Chinese, such as “cane” (“qian” in Chinese, meaning money), “tau” (“dou” in Chinese, a unit of measure for grain), and “sakes” (“shao jiu” in Chinese, meaning a kind of liquor)四. Since those who spoke and wrote Yanqi-Qiuci language lived in the Western Regions, where various ancient civilizations met, it was only natural for this language to mix with languages of other peoples.

Sogdian script, also known as Serik script, was a writing system for the Sogdian tongue and originated from Aramaic script. Sogdian^ a tongue of the eastern branch of the Iranian subgroup the Indo-European family of languages, prevailed in the Zelafshan river valley in Central Asia at least no later than the 6th century BC and its script was abandoned after the Mongols entered Central Asia in the 13th century. The Sogdian people were good at trade and served as significant intermediary on the international trade route in Central Asia, hence their language became the lingua franca in that region, exerting major bearing on the language system of some ethnic groups and countries.

The Turks used to adopt Sogdian as their official language. So did the Uighurs immediately afer they founded Uighur Khanate. Later on, on the basis of Sogdian, the Uighurs invented the Uighur/ Huihu script, which then evolved into Uighur-style Mongolian. Uighur Mongolian had a derivative, Manchu language, which was the origin of Xibe script. Sogdian was the basis or origin of all those

later scripts, which was a typical footnote to the inter-assimilation of cultures of different ethnic groups in the Western Regions.

Sogdian was found everywhere along the Silk Road, both within and without China. A number of 8th-century Sogdian documents were found at the site of Muge Mountain in Tajikistan. Hundreds of pieces of Sogdian markings were discovered on the cliff along the ancient Silk Road at the upper reach of the Indus River. Sogdian language was also spot on the Memorial www.viajeporchina.com agencia to Mugan Tegin near Bugute in Mongolia. A lot of Sogdian-script relics were also found within China, among which were 8 Sogdian correspondences written in early 4th century discovered at the beacon tower site of the Han Dynasty Great Wall in Dunhuang, which were the oldest Sogdian documents found up to now. Many Sogdian-language Sutras were found at the Sutra Cave in Dunhuang.

Xinjiang was where most Sogdian documents were discovered. Stone men with Sogdian inscriptions were found in front of the mausoleum of Western Turki Khan on the northern bank of Tekes River in Ili at the Tianshan Mountains. From Loulan to Khotan, many commercial Sogdian documents were found in ancient relic sites. From Turpan discovered Sogdian contracts and other secular documents as well as religious classics in Sogdian, including those on Buddhism, Nestorianism and Manicheism The Sogdian documents found in Xinjiang had a long time span, including those both before and afer the westward movement of the Uighur Khanate in 840 AD.


Buying And Installing A CHI Garage Door For Your Home


People put off the process of buying an installing a new garage door because they do not intend to sell their home in the near / distant future. If the existing garage door is not functioning properly, it is time to replace it with a new product. CHI offers various configurations of overhead garage doors – perhaps you must look into some of their models. While it is possible to design a garage door so that it will fulfill the style you have always wanted, many people tend to forget about maintaining the same garage doors. Without proper maintenance, these doors will not last long. For CHI Garage Door Repair, you must talk only with the professionals who are offering their independent services in Naperville.

Quite a lot of issues can crop up with your garage door if you do not pay attention to the minor quirks. For instance, the door might stop working altogether for various reasons. A series of springs are working in the background enabling you to open and close the garage door at will. Back in the days, you could clearly see these springs in action. With the manufacturers trying to conceal all those parts, you might never know when a spring or two within the system breaks.

Cables can also wrap around the shaft disabling the normal operation of the garage door. It takes an experienced garage door technician to look into the product and make informed decisions.  As the technology incorporated into the garage doors began to expound, the complexity to repair them also increased. A couple of decades ago, you could fix the garage door all by yourself by using a small number of tools. Today, it is all about talent and skill while having access to advanced tools to disassemble the garage door.

Numerous factors could also play spoilsport in ruining your garage doors. Plenty of people think that since they do not abuse their garage doors, nothing bad is ever going to happen. Little do they realize that detrimental weather conditions are more than ample to wreak havoc! Trying to fix the issues with your garage door on your own can lead to dangerous situations. The entire mechanism operates in such a way that only qualified and trained professionals will be able to work with them. Tinkering unnecessarily with the garage door will only lead to additional expenses because you might end up destroying certain delicate components within the system.

You need to get the maximum value for your hard-earned investment. The value added services provided by some of the prominent garage door repair companies in Naperville should suffice the needs and requirements of the common homeowner.  Certain companies have teams that have been doing the same thing (servicing and installing garage doors) for the previous 20 years. Can you ever become competent like these professionals just by spending half an hour watching a video on YouTube? There are precise reasons that could explain why professional help of these technicians are necessary to fix the issues with the garage door.

Using their expertise and knowledge, these experts have managed to satisfy many customers throughout the years. Always invest in branded garage doors for getting peace of mind for the many years to come. The fast, friendly and affordable services provided by them will also come with short-term warranty periods.


Getting Back On The Road After Opting For Seattle Auto Locksmith Services


It can be truly a nightmarish experience to find yourself locked out of your own vehicle. Every day, countless people from all parts of the state are learning their lessons the hard way. If they had taken some time to sit and understand more about the services offered by the auto locksmiths, it is very much possible to solve such instances in a moment. Seattle Auto Locksmith Services are here to provide you with a comprehensive lockout and ignition repair at extremely affordable rates. With too many people having to go through harrowing experiences, it does not take much thinking to understand why such services have grown exponentially with the passage of time.

Contrary to the popular belief systems, the set of tools is all that is necessary to open any kinds of vehicle locks. The vehicle dealerships have this habit of overcharging high prices for their services.  Here is an easy and a better alternative that could help in getting you back on the road within a matter of minutes. Armed with the necessary tools and the appropriate skills, the technicians can work diligently with any kinds of locks, ultimately opening them within a short period.

The make or the model of your vehicle is simply immaterial for these professionals. Throughout the years, they have worked with various cars and different locking mechanisms. The technicians might ask a bit or two in order to learn more about the sophisticated locking mechanisms that are present in certain vehicles. At times, trying to open the vehicle with a completely newly made key might turn out to be futile. During such instances, it will be necessary to learn more about the intricacies of the automobile locking mechanisms. Some of these vehicles come with advanced transponder chips and it can take time for the locksmiths to program a replacement key – at a fraction of the cost charged by the authorized dealers themselves.

Even now, there are many who think that locking themselves out of their vehicles will turn out to be a costly mistake. The auto locksmiths of this generation are happy to offer their services for affordable prices. Keeping the existing customers satisfied is necessary in order to ascertain long-term business operations. Perhaps this could in turn explain why auto locksmiths will focus on the customer satisfaction levels too. The quality services offered by the locksmiths will always end up exceeding the expectations of their clients.

Reliability is a key factor that differentiates the best from the rest of the lot. Having access to a reliable auto locksmith will prove to be an asset. The locksmiths should also know their way around Seattle, so that their services are available without any significant delays. Because of the nature of the operation of such locksmith services, you can get them at your location regardless of it being day or the night. Always make it a point to save the contact number of the auto locksmiths before you head out.

A moment’s folly is more than ample to cause anguish and anxiety – along with a memorable experience that you are never going to forget. Please study the set of services that you can enjoy from these locksmiths before signing up any long-term contracts or maintenance activities. As always, we are interested in learning more about your experiences with these locksmiths.


Getting Back On The Road After Opting For Seattle Auto Locksmith Services


It can be truly a nightmarish experience to find yourself locked out of your own vehicle. Every day, countless people from all parts of the state are learning their lessons the hard way. If they had taken some time to sit and understand more about the services offered by the auto locksmiths, it is very much possible to solve such instances in a moment. Seattle Auto Locksmith Services are here to provide you with a comprehensive lockout and ignition repair at extremely affordable rates. With too many people having to go through harrowing experiences, it does not take much thinking to understand why such services have grown exponentially with the passage of time.

Contrary to the popular belief systems, the set of tools is all that is necessary to open any kinds of vehicle locks. The vehicle dealerships have this habit of overcharging high prices for their services.  Here is an easy and a better alternative that could help in getting you back on the road within a matter of minutes. Armed with the necessary tools and the appropriate skills, the technicians can work diligently with any kinds of locks, ultimately opening them within a short period.

The make or the model of your vehicle is simply immaterial for these professionals. Throughout the years, they have worked with various cars and different locking mechanisms. The technicians might ask a bit or two in order to learn more about the sophisticated locking mechanisms that are present in certain vehicles. At times, trying to open the vehicle with a completely newly made key might turn out to be futile. During such instances, it will be necessary to learn more about the intricacies of the automobile locking mechanisms. Some of these vehicles come with advanced transponder chips and it can take time for the locksmiths to program a replacement key – at a fraction of the cost charged by the authorized dealers themselves.

Even now, there are many who think that locking themselves out of their vehicles will turn out to be a costly mistake. The auto locksmiths of this generation are happy to offer their services for affordable prices. Keeping the existing customers satisfied is necessary in order to ascertain long-term business operations. Perhaps this could in turn explain why auto locksmiths will focus on the customer satisfaction levels too. The quality services offered by the locksmiths will always end up exceeding the expectations of their clients.

Reliability is a key factor that differentiates the best from the rest of the lot. Having access to a reliable auto locksmith will prove to be an asset. The locksmiths should also know their way around Seattle, so that their services are available without any significant delays. Because of the nature of the operation of such locksmith services, you can get them at your location regardless of it being day or the night. Always make it a point to save the contact number of the auto locksmiths before you head out.

A moment’s folly is more than ample to cause anguish and anxiety – along with a memorable experience that you are never going to forget. Please study the set of services that you can enjoy from these locksmiths before signing up any long-term contracts or maintenance activities. As always, we are interested in learning more about your experiences with these locksmiths.